DGC Research Projects
Currently DGC is engaged in the research projects described by the abstracts below. Publications relating to these activities along with publications on prior research can be found and downloaded (not all exist in electronic form however) here.
Galileo Based Pervasive Positioning
The coming Galileo system will find a wide range of applications. GNSS receivers will find their way into numerous products ans will open huge markets for pervasive positioning applications. A large number of Danish companies, which are current members of the Galileo Network at Aalborg University, are developing applications involving satellite based positioning. The upcoming Galileo and the modernized GPS will improve the positioning capabilities.
A funding of 25 mio kr from the High Technology Foundation supports a project which consist of a consortium including Terma, Systematic Software Engineering, and Danish Agricultural Advisory Service and University of Århus. The project focuses on agriculture, and emergency and crisis management.
The Mathematics of GPS
Observations from the Global Positioning System are quite different in nature from traditional surveying observations. Estimation of double differenced observations between two GPS satellites and two dedicated receivers leads to a least-squares problem. Some of the unknowns of this problem are integers and some are reals. Up till today not all aspects of this problem are known. Today most GPS applications are of real-time nature. This involves estimation over time and is done by means of linear filters. We are investigating numerical and speed aspects as well as the stability of these filters.
(Kai Borre and Gilbert Strang, MIT)
The simplest version of the problem is decribed by two r by s matrices X and Y. Their columns contain the r-dimensional coordinates of s points that have been observed in two different coordinate systems with random observational errors. The problem is to estimate in some least-squares sense a transformation matrix H (rotations and scale changes) and an r-dimensional vector t (translation between the two origins); the translational matrix is teT where the s-dimensional vector e has mere ones as components: Y = HX - teT. We generalize by introducing weights p, and q. All coordinates in X are observed with weight p and the Y coordinates with weight q. There is another type of generalization: We want to transform between more than two point sets X and Y. The networks also can be perceived as repeatedly measured versions of one and the same network and the problem changes into one of interpolation between different coordinate sets for the same point set. The problem admits a geometrical theory which in the opinion of the authors is interesting and even beautiful, and, what is perhaps more important, it suggests a method for computing the parameters.
(Kai Borre and Gilbert Strang, MIT)
M-files for Postprocessing of GPS Observations
Several years ago we started to systematically write MATLAB code for solving the basic problems of postprocessing GPS observations. This lead to a library of several hundreds M-files. The code intends to give the mathematically not well founded student a chance to understand the basic computational features. The project has become an enourmous success - the library's web address is world reknown. All the users' reactions stimulate us to continue these efforts.
In 2000 DGC took initiative to a network for future users of the European satellite navigation system, Galileo. The network is mainly for small and medium sized enterprises. The company THERMA has generously placed an employee to the disposal of the project - another partner is the Knowledge Exchange Office of Aalborg University. It is our hope that the involved Danish miniseries will make use of our expertise in the future coordinated efforts towards Danish industry. See the homepage of the network (In Danish)
(Kai Borre and Jens Guldberg, TERMA)
GNSS Education, Research and Innovation in Europe (ERIG)
A consortium of fourteen European partners has been formed to undertake the ERIG study and to make recommendations that will inform the detailed definition of the Galileo activities in the 7th Framework Programme.
The main objectives of the study are to:
- Better assess the efforts to be made and the actions to be taken in order to develop education, research and innovation in Europe in the field of GNSS
- Better understand the relation and the specific dynamics between these three themes and economic growth (both in terms of jobs or in pure economic terms) in the field of GNSS
This will be achieved through:
- Establishing the current situation and capability within Education, Research and Innovation/Technology transfer in the GNSS/navigation domain the above mentioned three activities
- Analysing the interactions between Education, Research and Innovation/Technology transfer in the GNSS/navigation domain and how they might be developed to deliver social and economic benefits
- Comparing the situation with other technologies and services that have been through similar growth cycles
- Comparing the situation with other geographical areas outside of Europe
- From the above information, deriving recommendations to promote the necessary greater awareness through education, research and development and innovation and technology transfer
(Kai Borre and Kim René Bohn)
Read more about DGC projects in VBN database.